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Emergency Source Control Management and Spill Prevention Strategies for High Priority Risks

Region: Russian Federation

Project Period: 2000 – 2010

Co-leads: US and Russian Federation

Participating Agencies: Russian Federation: EMERCOM of Russia; IBRAE (Nuclear Safety Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences); Federal Agency for Atomic Energy of Russia (formerly MINATOM of Russia). US: Office of International Emergency Management and Cooperation, National Nuclear Security Administration, Department of Energy.

Brief: The Environmental Risk Analysis of Arctic Activities (1998) listed various activities, such as chemical spills, that pose a high risk to the Arctic region. The source control management and spill prevention strategies projects will reduce these risks for high-risk facilities and activities through a series of pilot projects. The projects included the development of an ongoing risk assessment methodologies document and a series of on-site facility risk assessments at selected hazardous industrial facilities and facilities handling radioactive and / or nuclear materials.

The Phase I report on source control management and prevention strategies for chlorine handling at the Apatity waterworks was published in 2002.

The Phase II project, a risk assessment at the Russian Research Institute of Atomic Reactors (NIIAR) Fuel Research Department in Dimitrovgrad, was completed in 2004. A related series of ISO 14001 (Environmental Management Systems) training programs were held in the Russian Federation in 2003 and 2004. The revised ‘working draft’ of the ‘Refined Risk Assessment Methodology’ Report was completed in January 2005.

The Phase III source control management pilot project was undertaken in the Murmansk Region by the US and the Russian Federation, with participation by Sweden and Finland. The working draft of the ‘Refined Risk Assessment Methodology’ Report was revised based on lessons learned and is available here.

Phase IV of this series was aimed at the application and further verification of the developed methodology in a new area – transportation of radioactive sources by vehicles (versus a fixed facility). The project was undertaken at the Scientific and Research Institute of Atomic Reactors (NIIAR) in Dimitrovgrad, Russian Federation. The Research Institute is a large enterprise which is involved in the production and transportation of medical radioactive sources.  This phase of the project yielded recommendations to improve safety of transportation of radioactive sources at the NIIAR facility.  A final report on the NIIAR assessment has been completed and is available here. A final report on the NIIAR assessment is completed and included in a brochure on the Source Control Project. The brochure was published and presented to Ministers of the Arctic Council at the meeting in Nuuk, Greenland in May 2011. It is available here: A Ten-Year Summary of Source Control Prevention Projects.