The National Response Plan provides an “all-hazards” approach to the management of domestic incidents. The plan incorporates best practices and procedures from across the spectrum of incident management disciplines. It forms the basis for coordination between federal, state, local, and tribal governments and the public sector.
The National Oil and Hazardous Substances Pollution Contingency Plan, also referred to as the National Contingency Plan, is the federal government’s blueprint for responding to oil spills and releases of hazardous substances. The plan is the result of U.S. efforts to develop a national response capability and promote coordination among the hierarchy of responders and contingency plans.
The National Response System pools the expertise and resources of government (federal, state, local, and tribal), industry, and non-governmental organizations. The system provides an effective response to oil spills and releases of hazardous substances, thereby mitigating threats to human health and the environment. The key components of the National Response System are the:
- National Response Center
- National Response Team
- Alaskan Regional Response Team
- On-Scene Coordinators
The Unified Plan describes the strategy for a coordinated government (federal, state and local) response to a discharge, or substantial threat of discharge, of oil or hazardous substances within the boundaries of Alaska and its surrounding waters.
The Joint Pipeline Office provides comprehensive oversight of oil and gas pipelines in Alaska. The office is responsible for safely moving oil and gas to market while ensuring the protection of human health and the environment.
The mission of the Prevention and Emergency Response Program is to protect public safety, public health and the environment by preventing and mitigating the effects of oil spills and releases of hazardous substances and by ensuring their cleanup through government planning and rapid response.