© ACS Secretariats within the Secretariat 1 September 2023 The ways in which different Working Group secretariats are organized are diverse. Two out of the six Arctic Council Working Group secretariats are part of the Arctic Council Secretariat (ACS). How did that happen, what developments have taken place over the past ten years, and where do these secretariats stand now? Let’s take a look. The Arctic Contaminants Action Program (ACAP) and Emergency Prevention, Preparedness and Response (EPPR) Working Group Executive Secretaries are part of the ACS team, and support and facilitate the work of their respective groups from the Tromsø office. Before 2014, the secretarial functions rotated with the chairing State, as they did for the Arctic Council in general. While EPPR was established under the Arctic Environmental Protection Strategy in 1991, ACAP came into the picture originally as an Arctic Council Action Plan to Eliminate Pollution of the Arctic adopted in 2000. Six years later it developed into the Arctic Contaminants Action Program, or the ACAP Working Group as we know it today. So, while both Working Groups (WGs) have a history of operating without a standing secretariat, in the case of EPPR, the permanent secretariat has been serving the group for a short period of its existence. As the mandates, structure and activities of the Working Groups developed over the years, the idea of building up a stable institutional memory, including archives, and a resilient long-term administrative structure persisted. The establishment of the ACS in 2013 created an opportunity for the WGs to secure continuous administrative and secretarial support, which was strongly encouraged by the WGs and their Chairs, who saw the benefits of a permanent solution.